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Mndebele (part 2)

 

 

Part 2 of the paper:

SWAZILAND SECONDARY/HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ RISKS THAT MAY PROMOTE HIV INFECTION AND THE SPREAD OF AIDS

by NOZIPHO EUGENIA MNDEBELE, NATIONAL CURRICULUM CENTRE

Click here for Part 1 of this paper
Click here for Part 3 of this paper
Click here for Part 4 of this paper

SECTION 2

SEXUAL ATTITUDE OF THE SCHOOL GOING YOUTH

The objectives of this section of the study were:

1) to find out what proportion of secondary/high school students feel that abstinence from sex is an acceptable option.

2) To find out what proportion of secondary/high school students feel that abstinence from sex is a practical option

3) To find out What proportion of students would be comfortable with talking to their parents about sex

4) To find out if students consider parents to be an acceptable source of information about sex

5) to find out if students believe in the reality of AIDS.

6) To find out if the majority of students consider AIDS to be the most serious health problem in Swaziland.

7) To find out how students would respond to infected fellow student, friends, relatives and people in general.

8) to determine if students think that sexual relationships between adults and teenagers are common.

9) To determine if students think that sexual relationships between adults and students are acceptable.

10) To find out if family planning by teenagers is acceptable among students.

11) To determine if abortion is an acceptable family planning method among students.

12) To find out if the use of drug and alcohol by teenagers is acceptable among students.

13) To find out if the superiority of men is acceptable among students.

14) To find out the proportion of students who will be willing to take a pre-marital HIV test.

15) To determine the willingness of students to be blood donors.

16) To determine the health seeking behaviour of students.

17) To determine if polygamy is an acceptable practice among students.

18) To determine the popularity of having multiple sexual partners among students.

19) To find out if students believe in the reality of homosexuality.

20) To find out if relationships which occur between teenager and married persons are acceptable among students.

21) To find out if relationships between teenagers and sugar-daddies/mummies are acceptable among students.

Q1. Aids Exists or not

Total Sample Size 2258

Responses 1629 72.1% of total sample size

No Responses 629 27.9% of total sample size

"Exists" Response 1389 85.3% of total responses

"Does not exist" Response 240 14.7% of total responses

An overwhelming 83.3% said that AIDS exists and only 14.7% indicated it does not exist. A further 29.9% did not respond

Q2 Youth were requested to rate in order of importance several national problems, some of which are highlighted below. Ranking was to be done for each problem from 1 to 11, one (1) being the most important and eleven (11) the least important.

Some of the problems which directly relate to the objectives of the KAP survey have been analysed.

AIDS
Population growth
Single Parenthood
Teenage pregnancy and
Rape

According to the findings, different weights were attributed to the above problems.

 

AIDS

The majority of the respondents did not rate the problem of AIDS. Over 673 out of 2258 responded. For those who responded there was, some consensus by the youth on the seriousness of the problem.

About 56% considered it a number one priority problem. Over 67.4% per cent rated the problem between 1 to 3.

Single Parenthood

Only 498 pupils responded out of 2258.

Compared to AIDS, there seemed to be little consensus on seriousness of the problem. Only 22.7% rated the problem as number one. Only 25% ranked the problem 1-3. It si important to note that 26 percent rated single parenthood as the least problem (ranked it number 11)

 

Teenage Pregnancy

546 youth rated teenage pregnancy problem. 38 percent rated it as number one problem. Over a half of those who responded rated it in the first three categories 1,2 and 3. A significant percentage (15%) rated teenage pregnancy in the lowest three categories.

Rape

531 out of 2258 rated the problem of rape. 33 percent rated it as a priority problem. 48 percent rated it as a between 1-3 while 22.2% ranked it in the category of three lowest (9,10 and 11).

Q3. What do you consider to be the most serious health problem in Swaziland today?

Respondents were asked to indicate what they considered the most serious health problem in Swaziland today. The frequently mentioned response by 1600( 92.3%) out of 1733 was AIDS. A further 3.3% said it was T.B., 2.3% Malaria, 1.3% Bilharzia and 0.7% Measles. Five hundred and twenty five (525) students did not respond. This finding shows that the students are very much aware of this deadly disease.

Table A-1

WHAT THE YOUTH CONSIDER TO BE THE MOST SERIOUS HEALTH PROBLEM IN SWAZILAND.
Problem

Responses

Percentage

TB

58

3.3%

Malaria

41

2.3%

AIDS

1600

92.3%

Bilharzia

22

1.3%

Measles

12

0.7%

TOTAL

1733

99.9%

Total Sample Size 2258
Responses 1733 76.7%
No Response 525 23.3%

Q4. Young people should abstain from sexual intercourse until after they get married

 

Young people were asked to indicate whether abstinence from sex until they get married was a good idea or not. Out if the 1773 responses, 1573 (88.60%) indicated that it was a good idea, whereas 203 (11.40%) responded that it was a bad idea. Thus an overwhelming majority showed that it was appropriate to abstain from sexual activities until such a time when it considered the right time when one is married.

Total Sample Size 2258
Responses 1773
No Response 483
"Good Idea" 1573
"Bad Idea" 203

Q5. Should young people be encouraged to abstain from Sexual Intercourse?

On the question as to whether young people should be encouraged to abstain from sexual encounters, 1340 (77.8%) were "yes" responses and 383 (22.2%) were "no" responses. There is some consistency in this finding with regard to sexual activities. Young people consider it wrong to engage in any sexual encounters before marriage.

Total Sample Size 2258
Total Responses 1723
"Yes" Responses 1340 77.8%
"No" responses 383 22.2%
No response 535 23.7% of total sample size

Q6. Personally, are you willing to abstain from sexual intercourse until after your marriage?

On a personal level respondents were asked if they were willing to abstain from sexual intercourse until after marriage. Most of the young people (1315 or 80.4%) responded with a "yes" and 320 (16.6%) said "no". This finding shows that even on an individual level young people are prepared to shelve their sexual encounters until they become adults or married.

Total Responses 1635
"Yes" Responses 1315 80.4%
"No" responses 320 16.6%
No response 623 27.6% of the total sample size (2258

Q7. Parents should talk to their children about sex.

When asked to indicate whether parents should talk to their children about sex. Out of 1748 responses, 851 ( 48.7% ) strongly agreed, followed by 627 (35.9%) who also agreed. Those who strongly disagreed and disagreed accounted for 7.0% (123) and 8.4% (147) respectively. Five hundred and ten (510) did not respond to the question.

From this finding it clearly shows that young people are yearning to talk to their parents about sex issues. In Swazi context this can be problematic because it is a taboo for ones parents to discuss sex with ones own children. Educators should seriously begin to enlighten parents about the importance of sex education to their own children.

Table A-2

SHOULD PARENTS TALK TO THEIR CHILDREN ABOUT SEX?
Variables

Response

Percentage

Disagree

147

8.4%

Agree

627

35.9%

Strongly Disagree

123

7.0%

Strongly Agree

851

48.7%

TOTAL

1748

100.0%

Total Sample Size 2258
Total responses 1748 77.4% of total sample size
No Responses 510 22.9% of total sample size

Q8. I would like my parents to talk to me about sex.

On the statement: "I would like my parents to talk to me about sex", out of 1703 responses 736 (43.2%) strongly agreed, a further 656 (38,5%) agreed. Only 149 (8.7%) strongly disagreed and another 162 (9.5%) disagreed. The finding echoes the preceding comments made in for question 7.

Table A-3

RESPONDENT WOULD LIKE HIS/HER PARENTS TO TALK TO HIM/HER ABOUT SEX
   

Response

Percentage

Disagree

162

9.5%

Agree

656

38.5%

Strongly Disagree

149

8.7%

Strongly Agree

736

43.2%

   

1703

99.9%

Total Sample Size 2258
Responses 1703 75.4% of total sample size
No Responses 555 24.6% of total sample size

Q10. If you wanted information about sex, who would you prefer to talk to given the list below?

When asked to show their preference in terms of who they would consult on sex information. Out of 1622 responses the majority 629 (38.8%) indicated that they would discuss sex matters with their mothers, followed by 313 (19.3%) who said they would approach the teacher, 166 (10.2%) a friend and 120 (7.4%) father. Another 88 (5.4%) brother, 82 (5.1%) sister and 107 (6.6%) said other. Negligible responses included pastor, grandmother, grandfather and aunt.

In the traditional setup the most likely people to consult would have been aunts and grandparents. With the social changes that have come about the pendulum has swung to appreciating the role ones parents have to play in society. For the parents it goes without saying that their children need their input into issues affecting their growing up especially sex issues. For the educational authorities it means that there is need to consider having more counsellors in Schools to ensure that such issues are well taken care of when raised by young people.

Table A-4

PERSONS RESPONDENTS WOULD TO GET INFORMATION ABOUT SEX FROM
   

Responses

percentage(%)

Mother

629

38.8

Father

120

7.4

Brother

88

5.4

Sister

82

5.1

Aunt

15

0.9

Uncle

12

0.7

Friend

166

10.2

Grandfather

17

1.0

Grandmother

27

1.7

Pastor (Church Minister)

46

2.8

Teacher

313

19.3

Other

107

6.6

TOTAL

1622

99.9

Totals Sample Size 2258
Responses 1622 71.8% of total sample size
No responses 636 28.2% of total sample size

Q11. HIV positive persons or those who have AIDS must be isolated.

Respondents were the asked whether HIV persons or those who have AIDS should be isolated. Of the 1582 responses, 474 (30.)%) strongly disagreed and 565 (35.7%) disagreed, indicating that young people were of the idea that HIV and AIDS persons should be part and parcel of the communities. Those who strongly agreed and agreed accounted for 11.6% and 22.6% respectively. The total number of responses was 1582.

Table A-5

HIV+ PERSONS OR THOSE WHO HAVE AIDS MUST BE ISOLATED
   

Response

Percentage

Disagree

565

35.7

Agree

357

22.6

Strongly Disagree

474

30.0

Strongly Agree

186

11.6

TOTAL

1582

99.9

Total Sample Size 2258
Number of Responses 1582 71.1% of total sample size
No Responses 676 29.9% of total sample size

Q12. HIV positive relatives or those who have AIDS must be isolated.

Respondents were further asked whether the HIV positive relatives or those with AIDS must be isolated. 1582 responses were recorded and these were identical as those in preceding question. The only difference is the where reference is made to relative in this question whereas it mentions persons in the former.

Table A-6

HIV+ RELATIVES OR THOSE WHO HAVE AIDS MUST BE ISOLATED
   

Response

Percentage

Disagree

565

35.7

Agree

357

22.6

Strongly Disagree

474

30.0

Strongly Agree

186

11.6

TOTAL

1582

99.9

Total Sample Size 2258
Total Number of Responses 1560 69.1% of total sample size
No Response 698 30.9% of total sample size

 

Q13. Names of HIV positive persons or those who have AIDS must be made known to the public

On whether names of persons who are HIV positive or who have AIDS should be known to the public, 1593 responded and 665 did not. Of those who responded 498 (31.2%) disagreed and 475 (29.8%) strongly disagreed and 361 (22.7%) agreed and another 259 (16.3%) strongly agreed.

Thus the majority are inculcating confidentiality to be kept at all costs. It is imperative for those involved in counselling the HIV positive and AIDS persons to properly be trained and to ensure that information pertaining to persons with HIV and AIDS is not leaked out.

 

Table A-7

NAMES OF HIV+ PERSONS OR THOSE WHO HAVE AIDS MUST BE MADE PUBLIC
   

Response

Percentage

Disagree

498

31.2

Agree

361

22.7

Strongly Disagree

475

29.8

Strongly Agree

259

16.3

TOTAL

1593

100

Total Sample Size 2258
Number of responses 1593   70.5% of total sample size
No responses          665   29.5% of total sample size

Q14. HIV positive persons or those who have AIDS should be encouraged to tell the public about their condition.

On the question of HIV persons and those with AIDS going public about their condition, of those who responded (1719), 27.7% (476) strongly agreed, 38.9% (668) agreed, whereas 13.9% (239) strongly disagreed and a further 19.5% (336) disagreed.

Table A-9

HIV+ PERSONS OR THOSE WITH AIDS SHOULD TELL THE PUBLIC ABOUT IT
   

Response

Percentage

Disagree

336

19.5

Agree

668

38.9

Strongly Disagree

239

13.9

Strongly Agree

476

27.7

TOTAL

1719

100

 

 

Total Sample Size 2258

Number of Responses 1719 76.1% of total sample size

No Responses 539 23.9% of total sample size.

 

 

 

Q15. How would you feel if you were to know that one of the students in your school is

HIV positive or has AIDS?

 

Respondents were asked how they would feel if they knew that one of the students in the school was HIV positive or had AIDS. Over half of the students (53.40%) indicated that they would support and give their love, 11.50% said they would not even go near them and 35.10% did not know how they would feel.

 

Although the number of responses of those who did not know how they would feel is lower than those who would give love, these results are indicative of the uncertainty by the students to accept people who are HIV positive and those with AIDS. More education is required for young people so that people with these conditions are equally and fairly treated and that they need a lot of compassion.

 

Table A-10

HOW WOULD YOU FEEL IF ONE OF THE STUDENTS IN YOUR SCHOOL IS HIV POSITIVE OR HAS AIDS
   

Response

Percentage

Don’t Know

613

35.1

Support them

931

53.4

Not go near them

200

11.5

TOTAL

1744

100

Total Sample Size 2258

Responses 1744 77.2% of total sample size

No Response 514 22.8% of total sample size

 

 

Q16. Knowing someone who is HIV positive or who has AIDS would help me to accept responsible sexual behaviour.

 

On the question of whether knowing someone with HIV positive or with AIDS would help towards adoption of responsible sexual behaviour. A total of 452 (27.8%) strongly agreed, 634 (39.0%) agreed; whereas 201 (12.4%) strongly disagreed and 339 (20.8%) disagreed.

 

 

The result shows that youth are only prepared to adopt responsible behaviour as long as they were aware of its existence through some one. Without such knowledge their reckless sexual behaviour would continue. This is a dangerous attitude which calls for more education to the young people about the effects of irresponsible sexual behaviour which could include early pregnancies, HIV infection and AIDS

 

Table A-11

KNOWING A HIV+ PERSON OR ONE WHO HAS AIDS WOULD HELP ME ADOPT RESPONSIBLE SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR.
   

Response

Percentage

Disagree

339

20.8

Agree

634

39.0

Strongly Disagree

201

12.4

Strongly Agree

452

27.8

TOTAL

1626

100.0

 

 

Total sample size 2258

Responses 1626 72% of total sample size

No Response 632 28% of total sample size.

 

 

 

Q17. HIV infected students or those who have AIDS should continue to go to school until they become sick or die.

 

On the statement " HIV infected students or those who have AIDS should continue to go to school until they become sick or die", those who disagreed with the statement accounted for 436 (25.4%) and strongly disagreed 302 (17.6%). And those who strongly agreed they were 325 (18.9%) and 655 (38.1%) agreed.

 

By implication it means that slightly over half of those who responded favoured the idea of the inclusion of persons with HIV and AIDS into the school system. Another half were for exclusion of these persons. Without proper information the numbers of those who would favour discriminating against these persons would increase, yet given proper attention people with HIV and AIDS can prolong their lives.

 

Table A-12

HIV+ STUDENTS OR THOSE WHO HAVE AIDS SHOULD CONTINUE TO GO TO SCHOOL UNTIL THEY GET SICK OR DIE
   

Response

Percentage

Disagree

436

25.4

Agree

655

38.1

Strongly Disagree

302

17.6

Strongly Agree

325

18.9

TOTAL

1718

100.0

Total Sample Size 2258
Responses 1718 (76.1% of total sample size)
No Response 540 (23.9% of total sample size)

 

 

 

Q18. Educating students who are HIV positive or those who have AIDS is a waist of money

 

Students were asked " educating students who are HIV positive or those who have AIDS is a waste of money", of those who responded, 587 (33.9%) disagreed and 287 (16.6%) strongly disagreed. Those who agreed and strongly disagreed accounted for 515( 29.7%) and 344 (19.8%) of the respondents respectively. When percentages are taken together and compared: those who said it was a waste of money with those who did not think so, there are no marked differences.

 

 

What is the implication of this for policy makers and people working with these people?

Table A-13

EDUCATING HIV+ STUDENTS OR THOSE WHO HAVE AIDS IS a WASTE OF MONEY
   

Response

Percentage

Agree

587

33.9

Disagree

515

29.7

Strongly Agree

287

16.6

Strongly Disagree

344

19.8

TOTAL

1733

100.0

 

 

 

Total Sample Size 2258

Number of Responses 1733 76.7% of total sample size

No Response 525 23.3% of total sample size

 

 

 

Q19. Do you know a fellow student who has a sexual relationship with an adult?

 

Respondents were asked if they knew a fellow student who had a sexual relationship with an adult. Out of 2258 --------- on 1649 responded to the question and 609 did not. Those who knew of fellow students involve din sexual relationship with adult accounted for 37.9% and 62.1% did not know.

 

Total Sample Size 2258

Responses 1649 73% of total sample size

No responses 609 27% of total sample size

"Yes" answers 625 37.9% of total responses

"No" answers 1024 62.1% of total responses

 

 

 

Q20. Only "cool" students have sexual relationships with adults.

 

On the statement "only cool students have sexual have sexual relationships with adults"", 1661 out ------- responded with 43% (715) agreeing, 29.3% (486) agreeing, 17.8% (296)disagreed and 9.9% (164) strongly disagreed.

 

Table A-14

ONLY "COOL" STUDENTS HAVE SEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS WITH ADULTS
   

Response

Percentage

Agree

296

17.8

Disagree

715

43.0

Strongly Agree

164

9.9

Strongly Disagree

486

29.3

TOTAL

1661

100.0

 

 

Total Sample Size 2258

Responses 1661 73.6% of total sample size

No Response 597 26.4% of total sample size

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q21. I consider the prevention of pregnancy through the use of family planning methods (contraception) by students a;

 

 

 

 

The majority of youth who responded 67.4% (1687) felt that it was a good idea for students to consider the prevention of pregnancy through the use of family planning methods. Whereas 32.6% said it was not a good idea.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Sample Size 2258

Total Responses 1687 74.7% of total sample size

No Response 571 25.3% of total sample size

 

 

 

Q22. Using condoms for prevention of STD/HIV infection is a wise idea

 

On the statement "using condoms for the prevention of STD/HIV is a wise idea", only 1371 out of 2258 responded. Of those who responded 616 (44.9%) agreed and 424 strongly agreed. Only 199 (14.5%) and 132 (9.6%) disagreed and strongly disagreed.

This shows that young people’s attitude towards use of condoms is being accepted as a mode of prevention of STDs and HIV

 

Table A-15

USING CONDOMS FOR PREVENTION OF STD/HIV IS a GOOD IDEA
   

Response

Percentage

Agree

616

44.9

Disagree

199

14.5

Strongly Agree

424

30.9

Strongly Disagree

132

9.6

TOTAL

1371

99.9

 

 

Total Sample Size 2258

Responses 1371 60.7% of total sample size (2258)

No Response 887 39.3% of total sample size (2258)

 

Q23. Would you encourage a sexually active friend to use condoms?

 

Students were asked if they would "encourage a sexually active friend to use condoms. An overwhelming majority of 1131 (82.4%) students said "yes". Only 242 (17.6%) gave a " No" response.

 

Total Sample Size 2258

Responses 1373 60.8% of total sample size

No Response 885 39.2% of total sample size

"Yes" Responses 1131 82.4% of total responses

"No" Responses 242 17.6% of total responses

 

 

 

Q24. When you become sexually active do you plan to use condoms?

 

Total Sample Size 2258

Responses 1341 59.3% of total sample size

No Response 917 40.6% of total sample size

"Yes" Responses 1023 76.3% of total responses

"No" Responses 318 23.7% of total responses

 

When further asked if they plan to use condoms when they become sexually active, slightly over half, 1341 (59.3%) out of 2258 responded. Out of those who answered 1023 (76.3%) said "yes" and 318 (23.7%) said "no".

 

 

Q25. Condoms provide good protection against HIV infections.

 

Total Sample Size 2258

Responses 1374 61.9% of total sample size

No Response 884 39.1% of total sample size

 

Table A-16

CONDOMS PROVIDE GOOD PROTECTION AGAINST HIV INFECTIONS
   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

725

52.7

Disagree

151

11.0

Strongly Agree

413

30.1

Strongly Disagree

85

6.2

TOTAL

1374

100.0

 

 

In response to "condoms provide good protection against HIV infections", half of the respondents 52.8% agreed with the statement, and another 30.1% strongly agreed. Only 175 disagreed.

 

 

Q26. Having children out of marriage is a :

 

 

 

 

On having children out of marriage 1400 responded with an overwhelming 93.8% not in favour of the idea. Only 6.2% indicated that it was a good idea.

 

 

Total Sample Size 2258

Responses 1400 62% of total sample size

No response 858 38% of total sample size

 

 

 

Q27. Having an induced abortion is a :

 

 

 

Regarding the statement "having an induced abortion" 90.5% felt it was a bad idea with only 9.5% who were for the idea. Mostly they would advice their friends to have the baby and keep it. Fewer responses were recorded on those who would advice them to have an abortion, place the baby for adoption and abandon the baby.

 

 

 

 

Total Sample Size 2258

Responses 1320 58.5% of total sample size

No Response 938 41.5% of total sample size

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q28. If I were to give advice to a pregnant friend I would encourage them

 

1305 responded to the statement regarding the advice and encouragement they would provide to a pregnant friend. Most responses, 1107 (84.8%) said they would advice their friends to have the baby and keep it. Fewer response were recorded on those who would advise them to have an abortion, place the baby for adoption and abandon the baby.

 

Table A-17

ADVICE TO a PREGNANT FRIEND
Advice

Responses

Percentage

To have abortion

76

5.8

To have the baby and keep it

1107

84.8

To have the baby and put it up for adoption

47

3.6

To have the baby and abandon it

75

5.7

TOTAL

1305

99.9

 

 

Total Sample Size 2258

Responses 1305 57.8% of the total sample size

No Response 950 42.1% of the total sample size

 

 

 

Q29. Abortion is murder:

 

On whether abortion was murder, 35.9% strongly agreed, whereas 18.7% disagreed and a further 7.4% strongly disagreed.

 

Table A-18

ABORTION IS MURDER

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

484

37.9

Disagree

239

18.7

Strongly Agree

459

35.9

Strongly Disagree

95

7.4

TOTAL

1277

99.9

 

 

 

 

Total Sample Size 2258

Responses 1277 56.6% of total sample size

No Response 981 43.4% of total sample size

 

 

 

Q30. Using drugs is a:

 

 

 

 

 

On the use of drugs, 1406 responded and an overwhelming 97% indicated it was a bad idea, only 3% felt that it was a good idea.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Sample Size 2258

Responses 1406 62.3% of total sample size

No Responses 852 37.7% of total sample size

 

 

 

Q31. Drinking alcohol is a:

 

 

 

 

 

Then further asked about drinking alcohol, 97.8% felt it was a bad idea and only 2.2% said it was a good idea

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Sample size 2258

Response 1411 62.5% of the total sample size

No Response 847 37.5% of the total sample size

 

 

 

Q32. Smoking is a:

 

 

 

 

 

 

On smoking the data in figure a-7 indicate that 1416 responded with 98.8% saying that smoking was a bad idea and only 1.2% approving it.

 

 

 

 

 

Total Sample Size 2258

Response 1416 62.7% of the total sample

No Response 842 37.3% of the total sample

 

 

 

Q33. Men and women are equal partners in a relationship.

 

On whether men and women were equal partners in a relationship, table ----- showed that 49.7%agreed and 23.6% strongly agreed; whereas 17.8% disagreed and only 8.8% strongly disagreed.

 

Table A-19

MEN AND WOMEN ARE EQUAL PARTNERS IN a RELATIONSHIP

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

689

49.7

Disagree

247

17.8

Strongly Agree

327

23.6

Strongly Disagree

122

8.8

TOTAL

1385

99.9

 

 

Total Sample Size 2258

Response 1385 61.3%

No Response 873 38.7%

 

 

 

Q34. Women are superior than men in a relationship

 

When further asked whether "women are superior than men in relationships" the result show that 45.3% disagreed and 12.7% strongly disagreed, whereas 23.7% agreed and another 9.7% strongly agreed. This shows that students did not think women should be at par with their menfolk. This still perpetuates the attitude that men are superior to women.

 

Table A-20

WOMEN ARE SUPERIOR THAN MEN IN a RELATIONSHIP

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

312

23.7

Disagree

598

45.3

Strongly Agree

128

9.7

Strongly Disagree

281

21.3

TOTAL

1319

100.0

 

Total Sample Size 2258

Responses 1319 58.4%

No Response 939 41.6%

Q35. Men are superior than women in a relationship

Respondents were asked if "men were superior than women in a relationship". Of those who responded, 33.4% agreed and 17.4% strongly agreed. About 36.5% disagreed and a further 12.7% strongly disagreed.

When taking into account combined percentages of the above responses of those who agreed and disagreed separately, the result show that women are closer to being treated fairly because almost half (49.2%) of the respondents disagreed with the statement. Yet this finding contradicts the foregoing in which women were considered as inferior.

 

 

Table A-21

MEN ARE SUPERIOR THAN WOMEN IN a RELATIONSHIP

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

439

33.4

Disagree

479

36.5

Strongly Agree

228

17.4

Strongly Disagree

167

12.7

TOTAL

1313

100.0

 

 

 

Total Responses 2258
Responses 1313 58.1% of the total sample
No Response 945 41.9% of the total sample

Q36. Who do you think should propose the other between men and women?

 

 

 

In Response to the question "who do you think should propose the other between men and women?" About 67.5% indicated that men should propose women, followed by those who said either of the two could propose (26%) and only 6.5% mentioned women.

 

This means for young people it is still a man’s world because it is only them (men) who are expected to initiate love. This kind of attitude will be perpetuated in other spheres of life. Gender sensitive workshops for students are highly recommended. Also there is need to incorporate gender issues into the curriculum at an early stage to enable students to appreciate the importance of the other sex, particularly the female sex.

Total Sample Size 2258
Responses 1362 60.3% of the total sample size
No Responses 896 39.7% of the total sample size

Q37. Given the choice would you like to know your HIV status?

Respondents were asked if they would know their HIV status given the choice, an overwhelming 74.7% said "yes" and only 25.3% said "no".

Total Sample size 2258
Responses 1343 59.5% of the total samples
No Responses 915 40.5% of the total sample
"Yes" Response 1003 74.7% of the total responses
"No" Response 340 25.3% of the total responses

Q38. Donating blood to the blood bank is a good idea.

On donating blood to the blood bank, 47.3% agreed and a further 30.5% strongly agreed, only 14% and 8.2% disagreed and strongly disagreed respectively. Thus most of them felt it was a good idea to donate blood to the blood bank.

Table A-22

 

 

 

 

Responses

Percentage

Agree

652

47.3

Disagree

192

14.0

Strongly Agree

419

30.5

Strongly Disagree

113

8.2

TOTAL

1376

100.0

 

Total Sample Size 2258
Responses 1376 60.9% of total sample size
No Response 882 39.1% of total sample size

Q39. Donating blood increases the donor’s chances of getting HIV infection.

Responding to the statement "donating blood increases the donors chances of getting HIV infections", over half (52.9%) of the students disagreed with the statement and another 14.9% strongly disagreed. About 43.1% agreed and 31.3% strongly agreed.

 

Table A-23

BLOOD DONATION INCREASES THE DONOR’S CHANCES OF HIV INFECTION

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

251

18.8%

Disagree

707

52.9%

Strongly Agree

179

13.4%

Strongly Disagree

199

14.9%

TOTAL

1336

100%

Total Sample Size 2258
Responses 1336 59.2% of total sample size
No Response 922 40.8% of total sample size

Q40. Joining an anti-AIDS club is a good idea

Joining an anti-AIDS club was considered as a good idea by about 43.1% who agreed and another 31.3% who strongly agreed. a total of 15.7% did not think joining anti-AIDS was a good idea with another 9.9% strongly disagreed.

Table A-24

JOINING AN ANTI-AIDS CLUB IS a GOOD IDEA

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

578

43.1%

Disagree

211

15.7%

Strongly Agree

419

31.3%

Strongly Disagree

132

9.9%

TOTAL

1340

100%

 

 

To total Sample Size 2258

Responses 1340 59.3% of the total sample size

No Response 918 40.7% of the total sample size

 

 

Q41. Members of anti-AIDS clubs are less likely to become infected with he AIDS virus

 

Respondents who showed that if one was a member of the anti -AIDS club she/he was less likely to become infected with the AIDS virus, 37.4% agreed, 16.35 strongly agreed ; whereas 26.% disagreed and another 19.7% strongly disagreed.

 

The percentages of responses agreeing with he statement are quite alarming in that there is a misconception that if one belonged tot he club then one would not become infected with the HIV virus. Although as members of the club, they would be more aware of the facts on AIDS and HIV, if responsible sexual behaviour is not followed even those who belong to such clubs would get infected.

 

More education is needed.

 

Table A-25

MEMBERS OF ANTI-AIDS CLUBS ARE LESS LIKELY TO BECOME INFECTED WITH THE AIDS VIRUS

   

Responses

Percentages

Agree

619

37.4%

Disagree

438

26.5%

Strongly Agree

270

16.3%

Strongly Disagree

326

19.7%

TOTAL

1653

99.9%

 

Total Sample Size 2258
Responses 1653 73.2%
No Response 605      26.8%

 

Q42. Having an HIV test before getting married is a bad idea

On whether "having an HIV test before getting married is a bad idea", table ____ shows that 37.7% felt a measure of agreement with the statement. Most respondents (33.3% and 29%) disagreed and strongly disagreed respectively. Thus most young people preferred to have an HIV test before getting married.

 

Table A-26

HAVING HIV TEST BEFORE MARRIAGE IS a BAD IDEA

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

377

22.0%

Disagree

571

33.3%

Strongly Agree

269

15.7%

Strongly Disagree

498

29.0%

TOTAL

1715

100%

Total Sample Size 2258

Responses 1715 76% of total sample size

No Response 543 24% of total sample size

 

Q43. In case you become ill, who would you prefer to consult for medical services?

 

 

 

 

 

In terms of consulting medical services if they become ill, majority 85.9% indicated they would consult a nurse or doctor, 9.9% religious healers and ___% traditional healers.

 Total Sample Size 2258
Responses 1730 76.6%
No Response 528 23.4%

 

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