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Mndebele (part 3)

 

 

Part 3 of the paper:

SWAZILAND SECONDARY/HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ RISKS THAT MAY PROMOTE HIV INFECTION AND THE SPREAD OF AIDS

by NOZIPHO EUGENIA MNDEBELE, NATIONAL CURRICULUM CENTRE

Click here for Part 4 of this paper
Click here for Part 2 of this paper

Click here for Part 1 of this paper

Q44. It is okay for girls to have several boyfriends

Over 57.7% strongly disagreed with the statement that "it’s okay for girls to have several boyfriends" and another 35.3% disagreed.

Table A-27

IT IS OKAY FOR GIRLS TO HAVE SEVERAL BOYFRIENDS

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

91

5.2%

Disagree

617

35.3%

Strongly Agree

67

3.8%

Strongly Disagree

973

55.7%

TOTAL

1748

100%

Total Sample Size 2258
Responses 1748 77.4% of total sample size
No Responses 510 22.6% of total sample size

Q45. It is okay for boys to have several girlfriends

When further asked about boys having several girl-friends, again responses indicate that it is not ideal for boys to have several girl-friends, with 53.3% strongly disagreeing and another 31.1% disagreeing. Only 13.55 agreed with the statement.

 

Table A-28

IT IS OKAY FOR BOYS TO HAVE SEVERAL GIRLFRIENDS

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

149

8.5%

Disagree

578

33.1%

Strongly Agree

88

5.0%

Strongly Disagree

930

53.3%

TOTAL

1745

99.9%

Total Sample Size 2258
Responses 1745 77.3% of total sample
No Responses 513 22.7% of total sample

 

Q46. It is okay for a man to have several wives

About half of respondents 50.5% strongly disagreed, and another 33.7% disagreed that men should have several wives. Only 16% agreed.

The finding suggests that the new generation is moving towards contracting monogamous marriages as opposed to polygamy.

 

Table A-29

IT IS OKAY FOR a MAN TO HAVE SEVERAL WIVES

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

198

11.4%

Disagree

588

33.7%

Strongly Agree

76

4.4%

Strongly Disagree

881

50.5%

TOTAL

1743

100%

Total Sample size 2258
Responses 1743 77.2% of total sample
No Responses 515 22.8% of total sample

 

Q47. It is okay for a woman to have several husbands

On the statement about women having several husbands, over half (56.4%) strongly disagreed, 35.7%disagreed whereas only 4.7%agreed with the statement.

Table A-30

A WOMAN CAN HAVE SEVERAL HUSBANDS

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

94

5.4%

Disagree

621

35.7%

Strongly Agree

43

2.5%

Strongly Disagree

983

56.4%

TOTAL

1741

100%

 

Total Sample size 2258
Responses 1741 77.1% of total sample size
No Responses 517 22.9% of total sample size

 

Q48. It is okay for a married man to have girlfriends

On being asked if it was appropriate for a married man to have several girl-friends, 62.2% strongly disagreed, 33.1% disagreed whereas only 4.7% agreed with the statement.

 

Table A-31

IT IS OKAY FOR a MARRIED MAN TO HAVE GIRLFRIENDS

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

48

2.7%

Disagree

577

33.1%

Strongly Agree

34

2.0%

Strongly Disagree

1083

62.2%

TOTAL

1742

100%

Total Sample size 2258
Responses 1742 77.1% of the total sample size
No Responses 516 22.9% of the total sample size

 

Q49. It is okay for a married woman to have boyfriends

When further asked if married women could have boyfriends, 31.6% disagreed and another 63.6%strongly disagreed. Only 4.7% had some measure of agreement with the statement.

 

Table A-32

IT IS OKAY FOR a MARRIED WOMAN TO HAVE MANY BOYFRIENDS

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

39

2.3%

Disagree

533

31.6%

Strongly Agree

41

2.4%

Strongly Disagree

1073

63.6%

TOTAL

1686

99.9%

Total Sample size 2258
Responses 1686 74.7% of the total sample size
No Responses 572 25.3% of the total sample size

 

Q50. It is okay for female students to have sexual relationships with adult men

On whether female students should have sexual relationships with adult male, the result indicate that 64.9% strongly disagreed and another 30.6% disagreed. Only 4.5% agreed to the statement.

Table A-33

FEMALE STUDENTS CAN HAVE SEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS WITH ADULT MEN

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

40

2.4%

Disagree

514

30.6%

Strongly Agree

36

2.1%

Strongly Disagree

1090

64.9%

TOTAL

1680

100%

Total Sample size 2258
Responses 1680 74.4% of total sample size
No Responses 578 25.6% of total sample size

 

Q51. It is okay for male student to have sexual relationships with adult men

When further questioned about male students having sexual relationship with adult women, 64.7% strongly disagreed and another 29.9%disagreed. Only 5.4% had a measure of some agreement.

Thus, young people felt it was wrong to have sexual relationships with older members of the opposite sex.

Table A-34

MALE STUDENTS CAN HAVE SEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS WITH ADULT WOMEN

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

44

2.6%

Disagree

498

29.9%

Strongly Agree

47

2.8%

Strongly Disagree

1079

64.7%

TOTAL

1668

100%

Total Sample size 2258
Responses 1668 73.9% of total sample size
No Responses 590 25.1% of total sample size

 

Q52. It is okay for students to have sexual relationships with teachers

Having sexual relationships with teachers was considered inappropriate by most students as shown in table ___. Of those who responded 30.1%disagreed with the statement "it is okay for students to have sexual relationships with teachers", and a further 64.3% strongly disagreed. On 5.6% agreed to the statement.

Table A-35

STUDENTS CAN HAVE SEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS WITH TEACHERS

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

48

2.9%

Disagree

504

30.1%

Strongly Agree

46

2.7%

Strongly Disagree

1075

64.3%

TOTAL

1673

100%

Total Sample size 2258
Responses 1673 74.1% of total sample size
No Responses 583 25.9% of total sample size


Q53
. I consider myself to be at risk of being infected with HIV.

Respondents were asked if they considered themselves to be at risk of being infected with HIV. Majority of the respondents disagreed (81.9%) and only 18.1% agreed.

This should be of great concern all of us considering that young people are quite vulnerable.

Table A-36

I CONSIDER MYSELF TO BE AT RISK OF BEING INFECTED WITH HIV

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

193

12.0%

Disagree

536

33.3%

Strongly Agree

99

6.1%

Strongly Disagree

784

48.6%

TOTAL

1612

100%

Total sample size 2258
Responses 1612 71.4% of total sample size
No Response 646 28.6% of total sample size

 

Q54. I consider my best friend(s) to be at risk of becoming infected with HIV

On the statement "my best friends are at risk of becoming infected by HIV", the majority (77.6%) disagreed and only 22.4% agreed. This still suggest that students still consider themselves out of danger of getting infected with HIV. It is a question of "them" and not "us".

Table A-37

MY BEST FRIENDS ARE AT RISK OF BECOMING INFECTED WITH HIV

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

233

14.7%

Disagree

557

35.1%

Strongly Agree

122

7.7%

Strongly Disagree

674

42.5%

TOTAL

1586

100%

Total sample size 2258
Responses 1586 70.2% of total sample size
No Response 672 29.8% of total sample size

 

Q55. Some Swazi students practice homosexuality.

On whether there were Swazi students practising homosexuality, half of respondents (50.7%) had some measure of agreement with the statement, and almost another half (49.3%) disagreed.

 

Table A-38

 

 

 

 

Responses

Percentage

Agree

643

40.5%

Disagree

437

27.5%

Strongly Agree

162

10.2%

Strongly Disagree

346

21.8%

TOTAL

1588

100%

 

Total sample size 2258

Responses 1588 70.3% of total sample size

No Response 670 29.7% of total sample size

 

Q56. Homosexuality should be considered a normal alternative sexual style

Respondents were asked whether "homosexuality should be considered a normal alternative sexual style", 35% disagreed and another 38.4% strongly disagreed. Those who considered homosexuality to be normal accounted for 26.6%.

Swazi society is not yet prepared for such an alternative sexual orientation.

Judging from press comments and what the public have written about homosexuality, in the wake of the formation of the gays and lesbians in early 1997, most Swazis are homophobic.

 

Table A-39

HOMOSEXUALITY IS a NORMAL ALTERNATIVE SEXUAL STYLE

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

312

20.1%

Disagree

542

35.0%

Strongly Agree

100

6.5%

Strongly Disagree

596

38.4%

TOTAL

1550

100%

 

Total sample size 2258

Responses 1550 68.6% of total sample size

No Response 708 31.4% of total sample size

 

Q57. Missing from the questionnaire

 

Q58. Oral sex is common among students excluding mouth to mouth kissing

On the statement "oral sex is common among students excluding mouth to mouth, 39.8%agreed and a further 14.7% strongly agreed. a further 24.5% and 21% accounted for those who disagreed and strongly disagreed respectively.

 

Table A-40

ORALS SEX IS COMMON AMONG STUDENTS EXCLUDING MOUTH TO MOUTH KISSING

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

677

39.8%

Disagree

417

24.5%

Strongly Agree

249

14.7%

Strongly Disagree

356

21.0%

TOTAL

1699

100%

Total sample size 2258

Responses 1699 75.2% of the total sample

No Response 559 32.9% of the total sample

 

Q59. Oral sex should be considered a normal alternative sexual style

When asked whether oral sex should be considered a normal alternative sexual style, 23.8% agreed and another 9.9% strongly agreed. Whereas 38.4% disagreed and 27.8% strongly disagreed. Thus over half (66.2%) of the respondents did not take kindly to oral sex as an alternative sexual style.

Table A-41

ORAL SEX SHOULD BE CONSIDERED a NORMAL ALTERNATIVE SEXUAL STYLE

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

393

23.8%

Disagree

634

38.4%

Strongly Agree

164

9.9%

Strongly Disagree

459

27.8%

TOTAL

1650

99.9%

 

Q60. Would you say you have sex more or want to have sex if you have taken drugs?

 

 

 

 

When asked whether they would have more or want to have sex under the influence of drugs, most respondents 48.7% said "no", 14.1% said "yes" and a further 37.2% had not given applicable response.

 Total sample size 2258
Responses 1704 75.5% of the total sample size
No Response 554 24.5% of the total sample size
"Yes" Responses 240
"No" Responses 830

Q61. Would you say you have sex more or want to have sex if you have drunk alcohol

 

 

 

Respondents were further asked if they would have sex more or want to have sex if under influence of alcohol 50.6% gave "no" answers, 14.3% "yes" and 35.1% not applicable.

 

Total sample size 2258
Responses 1698 75.2%
No Response 560 24.8%
"Yes" Responses 242 14.35%
"No" Responses 860 50.6%
"N/Applicable" Response 596 35.1%

Q62. Getting children outside of marriage is acceptable

An overwhelming majority (83.1%) disagreed with the statement "getting children outside of marriage is acceptable". Only 16.9% agreed.

Thus having children out of wedlock is not likely to be the wish of the students.

Table A-42

GETTING CHILDREN OUTSIDE OF MARRIAGE IS ACCEPTABLE

   

Responses

Percentage

Agree

210

12.3%

Disagree

608

35.6%

Strongly Agree

78

4.6%

Strongly Disagree

814

47.5%

TOTAL

1710

100%

Total sample size 2258
Responses 1710 75.7% of the total sample size
No Response 548 24.3% of the total sample size

SECTION 3

Sexual Practices of school going youth

Objectives of this section of the study were

1) To determine the status and extent of sexual activity among students.

2) To document age at first sexual experience and age of sexual partner.

3) To characterize the first sexual experience of sexually active students.

4) To determine the type of sex activities which students engage in.

5) To find out the proportion of students who have been forced to have sex or sexually abused (raped).

6) To find out the proportion of students who have been exposed to incest.

7) To document the average number of sexual partners per sexually active student.

8) to find out the average lifespan of sexual relationships per sexually active student.

9) To find out what proportion of students use contraceptives, including condoms.

10) To find out what proportion of students use drugs and alcohol.

11) To find out what proportion of students receive or pay money in exchange for sex

12) To asses the occurance of STDs among students.

13) To find out if students talk about sex among themselves and with parents.

14) To establish the occurance of homosexual activities among students.

15) To establish the extent of teacher-student relationships.

16) To determine the proportion of students who participate in national traditional ceremonies such as Umhlnga and Lusekwane

17) To determine the proportion of students that attend night parties.

The findings were as follows:

Respondents were asked eleven questions regarding their sexual practices. The question included:

Lifetime sexual encounters and the location of those encounters

Sexual encounters in the last month, three months, six months and the last year

Number of sexual partners since 1995

Age at first sexual encounter

Age at last sexual encounter

Age difference between respondent and the first sexual partner

Marital status of the first sexual partner

Sexual activities which have been tried

The responses to the five questions are presented below:

Table: P-1

Number of Sexual Encounters and Their Frequency

 

 

 

Had No Sex

Had Sex

No Response

National Totals

  Responses % Responses % Responses % Responses %
Q. 1 Lifetime Sexual Encounters

1632

72.3

605

26.8

21

0.9

2258

100

Q. 2 Sexual Encounters in the Last Month

1962

86.9

240

10.6

56

2.5

2258

100

Q. 3 Sexual Encounters in the Last 3 Months

1857

82.2

346

15.3

55

2.4

2258

100

Q. 4 Sexual Encounters in the Last Six Months

1832

81.1

364

16.1

62

2.7

2258

100

Q. 5 Sexual Encounters in the Last Year

1758

77.9

441

19.5

59

2.6

2258

100

 

Q. 1 Lifetime Sexual Encounters

2258 school youth were interviewed on their sex life and practices. 2237 responded to the question. Out of these, 1632 (73%) reported that they had not engaged in sex. Only 605 (27%) reported they were sexually active.

Twenty one percent (21%) of those who were sexually active had engaged in sex once, 16% twice, 12% three times and 50% 4 times or more.

Q. 2 According to table p-1, out of the 605 who had engaged in sex, 240 youth (39.7%) reported they had sex in the last month prior to the study. 40% of these had sex once during the month preceding the interviews; 19% had it twice; 16.7% had it three times while over 24% had it four times or more in the month prior to data collection.

Q. 3 Three hundred and forty seven of the 605 who were sexually active (57.2%) had engaged in sex in the last three months preceding the study. Out of the 347, 31% had sex once in the three months; 24.2% had it twice; 17% had it three or four times and over 28% had sex more than four times during the three months preceding the survey.

Q. 4 364 out of the 605 (60.2%) had sex during the six months before the interviews of this study. Out of the 364, about 26% had it once; 18% had it twice; 20% had it three or four times while 37% had sex more than four times during the six months.

Q. 5 Out of the 605 youth who said they were sexually active, 441 (72.9%) reported having sexual intercourse during the last twelve months which preceded this data collection. Out of this group, about 24% had sex once during the year; 21.5% had it twice; over 13% had sex three of four times and over 42% had sex more than four times in the last year.

 

Sexual Frequency Findings

a. The majority of young people interviewed (73%) had not yet become sexually active.

b. Once the youth have had their initial sexual intercourse, the majority (over 70%) are likely to repeat the act at least once a year.

 

Sexual Frequency Recommendations

a. Those young people who have not yet become sexually active should be encouraged, motivated and given all the support they need to maintain this status until they are married.

b. STD/HIV/AIDS programmes to address two separate target groups.

1) Youth who have not become sexually active to help them maintain that status. Education, counselling and motivation activities should be strengthened to assist these young people to maintain their status quo.

2) safe sex education should be provided for those who are sexually active.

c. Peer education campaigns should make use of this information that ‘to be like the group’ means ‘not to take part in sex’. (73% are not sexually active)

d. Condoms should be made more readily available to youth who are sexually active.

 

First Sexual Encounter

Q. 6 The respondents were asked how old they were at the time of their first sexual experience. Out of 2258 youth interviewed, 2180 responded to the question. 1644 (72.8%) said that the question did not apply to them. 98 did not respond to the question. 536 respondents listed the age of their first sexual experience.

46.3% of the 536 youth who responded positively to this question said that they became sexually active between 15 and 19 years of age. A further 33.4% became sexually active between 10 and 14 years of age. 15.7% became sexually active between ages 5 and 9 years.

2.4% of the respondents claimed that they had their first sexual encounter between the ages of 2 to 4 years.

 

Q. 7 The study group was asked the age difference between them and their first sexual partner. 2023 youth responded to this question from the 2258 who were given the questionnaire. 235 did not respond. 1568 said the question was irrelevant to them because they had were not sexually active.

The most common age difference was 11-15 years with 33.4% of responses. Next was 1-5 years of age difference with 31.4%. 14.7% had their first sexual encounter with someone who differed in age by 6-10 years and 18.9% had intercourse with someone who differed in age by 16-20 years.

NOTE: The respondents were not given the option to state whether they had initial sex with someone of their own age. The questionnaire was lacking in this respect.

 

Q. 8 The respondents (2258) were asked the Marital Status of the partner they had their first sexual encounter with. 1317 of the respondents said that the question did not apply to them. 252 did not respond and 689 answered the question.

68.8% of the 689 respondents, claimed to have had their initial sexual encounter with a single person. 5.5% had sex for the first time with either separated, divorced or widowed partners. Another 6.7% became sexually involved for the first time with individuals who were married or co-habiting.

Q. 9 The survey group was asked the location of their first sexual encounter. 1452 of the 2258 youth questioned in the survey, stated that this question did not apply to them. 190 did not respond to the question. 616 responded positively to the question. Out of these, 600 gave specific location where they had sex for the first time.

Table P-2

Location of First Sexual Encounter

Most initial sexual encounters (over 60%) take place in the homes of the youth. Since the youth do not have homes of their own, they mean their parents home. Second to parental home of the youth is the bush or forest where about 21% of the first sexual encounters take place. Only a small portion had their first encounters in hotels (3.4%) and in cars (2.3%).

 

 

Location

Number of Responses

%

 
At his/her place (partner’s home)

189

30.7

 
At my place (respondent’s home)

184

29.8

 
In a forest/bush

128

20.8

 
At a friend’s place (home)

64

10.4

 
In a hotel

21

3.4

 
In a Car

14

2.3

 
TOTAL

600

96.7

 

 

First Sex Findings

 

a. Some youth start imitating the act of sexual intercourse before age 5.

b. As the probing questions were asked, the numbers of youth who answered grew (i.e. 605 claimed to be sexually active while 689 gave the marital status of their first partner).

c. The most common location for sex is the homes of the youth.

 

First Sex Recommendations

a. Poverty, overcrowding and sharing of sleeping quarters may have a detrimental affect on the lives of small children if they are exposed to the sexual activities of adults.

b. AIDS prevention programmes should strive to reach the youth at primary school level before they become sexually active. (Prevention is better than cure.)

Sexual Activity-Current

Q. 10 The 2258 youth were asked about the age of their last sexual partner. 612 responded positively to this question. 1421 stated that it did not apply to them (not sexually active) and 225 did not respond.

 

 

From the 612 responses, 33.3% said that their last sexual partner was between 10 and 14 years of age. 43.1% had the last sexual encounter with someone between the ages of 15 and 19 years. 23.5% had their last sex with someone twenty years of age or older.

 

 

Table P-3

People Respondents Have Engaged in Sex With

Q. 21 2258 youth were given a list of people and asked to mark those whom they had engaged in sex with. The findings are presented with those most often named to those least often named. (Multiple answers were possible.) Those people are listed in table P-3.

The top category was Girlfriends and Boyfriends who 47.5% of the sexually active respondents reported having sex with. 31.4% of the responses reported having sex with Garden Boys and Kitchen Girls. 5.2% had engaged in sex with their cousins.

4.1% had engaged in sex with their sisters as opposed to 0.9% who reported sex with their brothers. A further 3.1% had slept with teachers.

NOTE: Other people were omitted from the options list in general.

 

Person

Number of Responses

%

 
Girlfriend

206

30.0

 
Garden Boy

165

24.1

 
Boyfriend

120

17.5

 
Kitchen Girl

50

7.3

 
Cousin

36

5.2

 
Sister (B/S)

28

4.1

 
Teacher

21

3.1

 
Stranger

18

2.6

 
Father (B/S)

13

1.9

 
Mother (B/S)

10

1.5

 
Brother (B/S)

6

.9

 
Grandfather

5

.7

 
Aunt (P/M)

4

.6

 
Grandmother

2

.3

 
Uncle (P/M)

2

.3

 

Q. 22 Out of the 686 youth who indicated the category of people they had engaged in sex with, 344 gave the age at which this happened.

34.3% of the sex with the category of people shown on table P-3 of this report occurred between the ages of 15 to 16 years. 19.8% occurred between 17-18 years of age. 15.1% took place between ages of 11 and 12 years. 4.9% of the 344 respondents between the ages of 19 and 20 years, and 2.9% above the age of 20 years. Only 5.8% of the 344 were within the first 10 years of life.

Recheck answer sheet. There is no group from 13 to 14 years of age.

NOTE: This question does not take into consideration that they may have had sex with different people at different ages.

The majority (54.1%) of those who responded positively were between the ages of 15 to 18 years.

 

Q. 23 Respondents were asked if such sexual relationships are still continuing. Out of 686 who cited the types of people they had sex with, 648 responded.

33.8% of the 648 were still continuing with the sexual relationships while about 65% of the 648 had ceased.

NOTE: Again, they may have had sex with more than one on the list.

 

Q. 24 Respondents were asked to give the number of sexual partners they have had since the first one. 396 provided the number of partners, while 625 said they had none. 1071 said the question was not applicable.

Out of the 1021, 13.6% said they had only one other partner. 7.0% had two partners since the first one. 6.7% had three. About 11.6% had four or more sexual partners since the first one. 25.3% who have had multiple partners since the first one.

NOTE: There was great confusion on this question. 605 earlier claimed to be sexually active yet, 1021 answered this question.

Q. 25 The study group were asked how many sexual partners they had since the beginning of 1995. 915 respondents said that the question was not applicable to them. 794 marked "none". 197 did not respond to the question. Only 362 respondents indicated the number of sexual partners they had since the beginning of 1995. Their responses were, 54.9% had one partner; 15.2% had two partners while 29.8% had three or more partners.

Q.26 Respondents were asked whether they ever had boyfriends/girlfriends. Out of 2126 responses, 51.9% stated that they had at one time had boyfriends/girlfriends while 48.1% indicated that they had never had boyfriends/girlfriends.

Q. 27 The 2258 survey participants were asked if they currently have a boyfriend/girlfriend. 2126 responded to the question. 252 stated that the question did not apply to them. Of the 1874 remaining, 885 (47.2%) said that they did.

Q.28 The study group were asked the age at which they had their first boyfriend/girlfriend. 1044 youth listed that age (yet only 885 admitted to having them). About 89% of those who had boyfriends/girlfriends, had them between the ages of 10 and 17 years. The critical ages at which most respondents had boyfriends/girlfriends was from 12 to 16 years.

NOTE: It was only later in the questionnaire that boyfriends and girlfriends were described as lovers. At this point, many respondents may not have defined them that way.

Q.29 When asked about the number of boyfriends/girlfriends since the first one, 768 out of the 2258 responded. 44.1% had one; 25.4% had two; 17.4% had three to four; 10.5% had five to six and 8.7% had seven boyfriends/girlfriends or more.

Q. 30 Respondents were asked how many current lovers they have.

762 youth responded to this question. The majority, 65.7% had only one current lover. 17.1% had two. 7.1% had three and 10.1% had more than three. This is 34% of the currently sexually active youth having multiple partners.

 

 

 

Q. 31 The respondents were asked about the length of their longest love relationship. 501 responded to the question. 57% said the relationship lasted for 1 to 5 years. 6% said the relationship lasted for more than 5 years. 28% stated that the relationship lasted for months, but less than a year. And 9% said it lasted for days, but less than a month.

Q. 32 When asked about their shortest love relationship, 970 stated that the question did not apply to them. 367 listed the length of time. And 921 did not answer the question. 53 (14.4%) said it lasted only a matter of days. 97 (26.4%) said it last for weeks. 171 (46.6%) said it had lasted for months and 46 (12.5%) said it lasted for a year or more.

 

Current Sexual Activity Findings

a. The majority of the youth (76.4%) who responded positively to this question had sex with fellow youth between the ages of 10 to 19 years. Thus, while the youth engage in sex with partners of all ages, the majority of sexually active youth do have sex with fellow teens.

b. Sexual activity and Boyfriends and Girlfriends expand greatly at the onset of puberty.

c. The categories of people who respondents are having concentual sex with are people within their home or school environment (i.e. servants, teachers, relatives)

d. Only 362 youths were sexually active in 1995, but 45% of those who had sexual intercourse in 1995, had multiple partners.

e. A full 34.3% of those who have current lovers have multiple partners.

 

Current Sexual Activity Recommendations

a. Making condoms available to sexually active youth is a must, if the spread of STDs and HIV among the youth is to be contained and further loss of lives avoided.

b. Steps should be taken to identify this core group which is practising multiple partner sex and offer education and counselling to them.

c. AIDS prevention programmes should have specific programmes directed at the male and female gender among the youth.

d. Educational programmes should also have a strong component of negotiation skills, risk assessment, self assertiveness and self-esteem to empower each youth (male and female) to make responsible, well-informed decisions about their sex life and prevent STDs, HIV infection and pregnancy.

e. Educational programmes should try to reach youth early, before they begin sexual activity (5-10 years of age).

 

 

Sexual Activities

Q. 11 Respondents were asked about the types of sexual activities they had taken part in. (Multiple responses were possible.)

 

Table P-4

Sexual Activities Which Respondents Have Tried

There is some contradiction in the answers given to this question and earlier questions. In question one, 605 students claimed to be sexually active, but here only 11.8% of the study group claimed to have practice vaginal sex, 2.6% anal sex and 2.7% oral sex.

Mouth-to-Mouth kissing and Touching and Holding were much more common with 29.4% and 16.3% respectively.

 

Activity

Number of Responses

% of Respondents (2258)

 
Mouth to Mouth Kissing

663

29.4

 
Touching and Holding

367

16.3

 
Vaginal Sex

267

11.8

 
Anal Sex

59

2.6

 
Oral Sex

62

2.7

 

 

 

Sexual Practices Findings

a. Regular vaginal sex is the most common type of sexual activity taking place with the youth. Very small numbers are taking part in anal or oral sex (these are sometimes used as a form of birth control).

 

Sexual Practices Recommendations

a. Educational programmes should include the extreme dangers involved with anal sex.

 

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Click here for Part 2 of this paper
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